Cannabis Sativa L. is a plant that has been a source of discussion for the past 2,000 years, approximately. First, due to its discovery by human beings, afterwards due to its prohibition by religions in the Middle Age and nowadays because it is still considered dangerous by plenty of countries. It is treated as a drug for its psychoactive component (THC) and although it is well-known that such effects can be removed and promote cannabis sustainability, it is still rejected by political parties.
Well into the XXI century, one of the main focuses of world politicians is to protect the environment. For this reason, plenty of governments take on sustainable measures and structural modifications to reduce pollution as much as possible. Marijuana has been very popular over 2021 last trimester due to the Legalization Law proposal. The Spanish Parliament opened the Cannabis debate, although the proposal was finally declined.
However, after that project took place, some professionals are working on ways to grant Cannabis with a greater presence. Trying to fit it into the 2030 Agenda, developed to list the environmental requirements for such a year, might seem impossible but thanks to the European Observatory for Cannabis Cultivation and Consumption (OECCC), it might be possible to comply with the requested requirements.
Cannabis Sustainability and 2030 Agenda
Worries regarding sustainability have only taken a few decades to become a subject of concern. It might not seem true, but seeing the world involved in environmental chaos is what was needed to make a plan of action. The 2030 Agenda arises due to world governments determined to lower pollution emissions and work hard towards sustainable growth. This Agenda includes certain goals and Sustainable Development Objectives (ODS), such as:
- The end of poverty.
- Zero hunger rates.
- Health and well-being.
- Good quality education.
- Gender equality.
- Clean water and sanitation.
- Affordable and non-polluting energy.
- Decent labor and economic growth.
- Industry, innovation and infrastructure
- Climate change action.
- Submarine life.
- Life of terrestrial ecosystems.
- Peace, justice and solid institutions.
- Alliances to achieve objectives.
Cannabis Sustainability as a Determining Factor
This agenda is a great advancement to achieve a cleaner and fairer planet to live in. But, what interest does it have for cannabis auto growers? According to OECCC, Cannabis Sativa L. could help comply with 64 of the 169 proposed goals, distributed among 15 of the 17 Sustainable Development Objectives. If such actions took place, marijuana legalization could have direct positive effects for small growers and it would be helpful towards regulating the market.
The benefits of cannabis sustainability differentiate in various ways: the direct action of cannabis plants to improve the environment and indirect actions, which have a positive environmental and sustainable influence.
The Benefits of Marijuana on an Environmental Level
Plenty of blogs and posts mention the health benefits of cannabis. Years of investigations have led to the discovery that cannabinoids are efficient at relieving and treating certain conditions. Marijuana plants are also beneficial for the soil when grown outdoors and straight into the ground.
Hemp has an amazing property, shared with other plants like sunflowers or grass, that make it very useful. It is capable of absorbing toxins and harmful agents from the soil through its roots, turning them into innocuous components.
This has already been tried in certain regions like Chernobyl, Belarus and other countries where soil was useless due to different causes. The results have been amazing, cleaning and airing the soil while providing future crops with great quality nutrients and defenses.
Apart from its phytoremediation property, its fibers are useful for textile purposes and also to make paper, ethanol and as a biomass or bio-construction material. Its seeds are an important protein source full of vitamins and Omega-3, therefore great as a food supplement.
Indirect Benefits of Cannabis Sustainability
Regarding the legalization or regulation of our favorite plant, a report elaborated by the OECCC affirms that it would improve the quality of life of underdeveloped countries. Cultivating in certain areas of the African continent would increase employment rates and improve soil conditions.
Cannabis plants can survive in arid and extremely hot climates where nutrients are scarce while feeding the soil and reducing overall CO2 emissions. As if it wasn’t enough, implementing outdoor plantations would reduce indoor grows, which would lower energy and water consumption.
The implementation of Cannabis Sativa L. regulatory cultivation and consumption measures (including hemp and cannabis for medicinal and recreational purposes) would bring on plenty of benefits. It would improve society greatly with its multiple uses, which range from protein from hemp seeds, textile uses, energy saving, pollution reduction, employment and social benefits. A proposal that, if taken seriously, could offer global advantages.